During the post-war period the leading role of Moscow University in the restoration and further development of the country was fully recognized. In the 1940s-50s there was a fivefold increase in the state funding; on the newly-built University campus on Vorobievy Gory (Sparrow Hills) all the lecture halls and laboratories received state-of-the-art equipment.The new campus was opened on September 1, 1953.
During the 1950s Thaw period the country became more open for contacts, which, together with better funding, allowed to widen the scope of research work conducted by the University scientists. A few problem-dedicated scientific laboratories and the Research Computing Center were established at the same time. The newly established University divisions included the Institute of Asian and African Languages, the Faculty of Psychology, the Faculty of Computing Mathematics and Cybernetics and the Faculty of Soil Science which became the first of its kind in the country. The total number of full-time students continued constantly growing; thus, it rose from 13,000 in 1953 to 31,000 in 2001. At the same time Moscow University became an international educational centre, with the Faculty for the Russian Language which has been teaching international students since 1959.
Since 1917 over 200,000 specialists have graduated from Moscow University and over 35,000 have been awarded doctoral degrees, which confirms the position of Moscow University as a leading centre of learning and science in this country.
In XX century quite a number of renowned scientists and scholars worked at Moscow University, among them mathematicians P.S.Alexandrov, V.V.Golubev, D.F.Yegorov, M.V.Keldysh, A.N.Kolmogorov, N.N.Luzin, I.G.Petrovsky, I.I.Privalov, V.V.Stepanov, O.Yu.Shmidt; physicists V.K.Arkadiev, L.A.Artsimovitch, N.N.Bogoliubov, S.I.Vavilov, V.I.Vexler, A.A.Vlasov, P.L.Kapitsa, I.V.Kurchatov, L.D.Landau, G.S.Landsberg, Ya.B.Zeldovitch, A.S.Predvoditelev, D.V.Skobeltsin, I.E.Tamm, R.V.Khokhlov; chemists A.A.Balandin, I.V.Berezin, S.I.Volfkovitch, Ya.I.Gerasimov, B.A.Kazansky, V.A.Kargin, A.N.Nesmeyanov, A.V.Novoselova, P.I.Rebinder, N.N.Semenov, A.N.Frumkin, N.M.Emanuel; geographers N.N.Baransky, A.A.Borzov, K.K.Markov, V.N.Sukachev, I.S.Schukin; geologists A.D.Arkhangelsky, N.V.Belov, A.A.Bogdanov, A.P.Vinogradov, Yu.A.Orlov, M.M.Filatov, biologists and soil scientists A.N.Belozersky, D.G.Vilensky, L.A.Zenkevitch, N.K.Koltsov, G.V.Nikolsky, A.I.Oparin, N.P.Remezov; historians A.V.Artsikhovsky, B.D.Grekov, A.A.Guber, N.M.Druzhinin, N.I.Konrad, M.V.Netchkina, A.M.Pankratova, S.D.Skazkin, M.N.Tikhomirov, L.V.Cherepnin; art critics V.N.Lazarev, A.A.Fedorov-Davidov; philologists D.D.Blagoi, S.M.Bondi, V.V.Vinogradov, N.K.Gudzi, R.M.Samarin, D.N.Ushakov; philosophers V.F.Asmus, V.P.Volgin, G.Ye.Glezerman, E.B.Ilienkov, B.M.Kedrov; lawyers M.N.Gernet, P.Ye.Orlovsky, A.N.Trainin, psychologists A.N.Leontiev, A.R.Luria, S.L.Rubinshtein; economists L.Ya.Berri, A.Ya.Boyarsky, V.S.Nemchinov, K.V.Ostrovitianov, S.K.Tatur, N.A.Tsagolov and many others.